Read more about ACEs
TYPES OF ACES
The ACE study looked at three categories of adverse experience: childhood abuse, which included emotional, physical, and sexual abuse; neglect, including both physical and emotional neglect; and household challenges, which included growing up in a household where there was substance abuse, mental illness, violent treatment of a mother or stepmother, parental separation/divorce or had an incarcerated household member. Respondents were given an ACE score between 0 and 10 based on how many of the 10 types of adverse experiences they reported experiencing.
ACES REPORTED BY RESPONDENTS
How Many of Us Have ACEs?
Almost two-thirds of adults surveyed reported at least one Adverse Childhood Experience – and the majority of respondents who reported had more than one.
People with six or more ACEs die nearly twenty years earlier (on average) than those without ACEs
Our childhood experiences have a tremendous, lifelong impact on our health and the quality of our lives. The ACE study showed dramatic links between adverse childhood experiences and risky behavior, psychological issues, serious illness, and the leading cause of death.
What can be done about ACEs?
These wide-ranging health and social consequences underscore the importance of preventing ACEs before the nurturing relationships and environment can have a positive impact on a broad range of health problems and on the development of skills that will help children reach their full potential. Strategies that address the need of children and their families include:
- Parent support programs for teens and teen pregnancy prevention programs
- Mental illness and substance abuse treatment
- High-quality child care
- Sufficient economic support for families with lower incomes
- Home visiting to pregnant women and families with newborns
- Parenting training programs
- Intimate partner violence prevention
- Family-friendly work
The lifetime cost of non-fatal child mistreatment (which covers 5 of 10 ACEs) incurred annually in the United States is $401 billion.
What do ACEs cost you?
Take the quiz to learn your ACE score.
These ten confidential questions provide your warning signs.
Question 1 of 10
Question 2 of 10
Before your 18th birthday, did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often…
push, grab, slap, or throw something at you?
ever hit you so hard that you had marks or were injured?
Question 3 of 10
Before your 18th birthday, did an adult or person at least five years older than you ever…
touch or fondle you or have you touch their body in a sexual way?
attempt or actually have oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse with you?
Question 4 of 10
Before your eighteenth birthday, did you often or very often feel that…
no one in your family loved you or thought you were important or special?
your family didn’t look out for each other, feel close to each other, or support each other?
Question 5 of 10
Before your 18th birthday, did you often or very often feel that…
you didn’t have enough to eat, had to wear dirty clothes, and had no one to protect you?
your parents were too drunk or high to take care of you or take you to the doctor if you needed it?
Question 6 of 10
Question 7 of 10
Before your 18th birthday, was your mother or stepmother:
often or very often pushed, grabbed, slapped, or had something thrown at her?
sometimes, often, or very often kicked, bitten, hit with a fist, or hit with something hard?
ever repeatedly hit over at least a few minutes or threatened with a gun or knife?
Question 8 of 10
Question 9 of 10
Has anything important happened before your 18th birthday that you think we should have covered?
Please answer these additional questions: